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Adjectives and Adverbs
Definition – Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They may come before the word they describe (That is a lovely puppy.) Or they may follow the expressed word they describe (That puppy is cute.).
Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, along with other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.
The adverbs that are only cause grammatical problems are those that answer the question how, therefore we will focus on these.
He speaks slowly.
Answers the relevant question how.
He speaks very slowly.
Answers the relevant question how slowly.
Generally, if a expressed word answers the question how, it really is an adverb. It, place it there if it can have an ly added to.
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
This woman is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the question how, it is therefore an adverb. But fast never has an ly attached with it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes how exactly we performed.
A unique ly rule applies when four associated with the senses – taste, smell, look, feel – are the verbs. Usually do not ask if these senses answer fully the question how exactly to ly determine if should always be attached. Instead, ask if the sense verb has been used actively. If so, utilize the ly.
Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Perform some roses actively smell with noses? No, so no ly.
The lady looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance?
Our company is only appearance that is describing so no ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily in the paint splotches.
Here the woman did actively look with eyes and so the ly is added.
She feels bad/badly about the news.
She is not feeling with fingers, so no ly.
The word good is an while that is adjective is an adverb answering the question how.
You did a job that is good.
Good describes the task.
You did the working job well.
Well answers how.
Today you smell good.
Describes your odour, not the manner in which you smell along with your nose, so follow using the adjective.
You smell well for someone with a cold.
You might be actively smelling with a nose here so follow with the adverb.
When referring to health, always utilize well.
Examples i really do not feel good.
You may not look well today.
You may use good with feel when you are not referring to health.
Personally I think good about my decision to master Spanish.
A error that is common using adjectives and adverbs arises from using not the right form for comparison. As an example, to describe a very important factor we might say poor, like in, “this woman is poor.” To compare a few things, we ought to say poorer, like in, “She is the poorer associated with the two women.” To compare significantly more than two things, we ought to say poorest, as with, “this woman is the poorest of them all.”
- More effective*
Three or even more
- Most efficient *
*Usually with words of three or more syllables, don’t add -er or -est. Use more or most in the front for the words.
Never drop the ly from an adverb with all the comparison form.
She spoke quickly.
She spoke more quickly than he did.
She spoke quicker than he did.
Talk more quietly.
If this, that, these, and the ones are followed by nouns, they’ve been adjectives. Them, they are pronouns when they appear without a noun following.
This house is actually for sale.
It is an adjective here.
This is certainly for sale.
This might be a pronoun here.
This and that are singular, if they are now being used as adjectives or as pronouns. This points to something nearby while that points to something “over there.”
This dog is mine.
That dog is hers.
This can be mine.
That is essay helper hers.
These and the ones are plural, whether or not they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns. These points to something nearby while those true points to something “over there.”
These babies have already been smiling for a time that is long.
These are mine.
Those babies have already been crying all night.
Those are yours.
Use than to show comparison. Use then to answer the question when.
I might rather go skiing than rock climbing.
First we went skiing; then we went mountain climbing